Emigrant New York

Agree, what kind of New York without the story of his three known ethnic areas - Chinese, Italian, and "Russian" in the sense that Jewish.

I think that with some of them begin my story, decided - with the Chinese.
In fact, initially the May holidays we planned a trip to China, but almost at the last moment changed his decision, which I am very pleased. The little excursion into the history and Statistics. "The first Chinese immigrants came to the US in 1820. In 1852. their number reached 25 thousand. people, and in 1880. - 105 thous. people, most of them lived on the west coast of the country and came from the Chinese province of Guangdong. By mass emigration in those days, the Chinese spodvigla economic instability in China during the Qing Dynasty and the large number of jobs in the construction of the transcontinental railroad USA related to rapid colonization of the West and the gold rush in California. After the construction of major roads, the Chinese population was engaged in agriculture, supplying the markets of the country food products. From 1885 to 1943. Chinese immigration was prohibited. Despite the repeal of the law in 1943, it was severely limited before 1965. In the 1970s. most immigrants were of Hong Kong origin with a very small number of people from mainland China. With the relaxation of restrictions in the 1980s. in the United States formed a large Chinese community. The Chinese community in the United States is the largest ethnic group of Asian Americans, consisting of 22.4% Asian American population. They make up 1.2% of the entire population of the United States. In 2010, Chinese Americans, there were approximately 3.7 million. People. "

Chinatown can be called a separate state with its complete infrastructure - shops, markets, banks.

Passing one of the parks in Chinatown, we found there Sunday crowd of local residents.

People in groups not only of interest, but also by gender.

Non-Chinese couple blew some nonsense on a stick.

In one corner of the park organized a small botanical kitchen garden.

Such an identity as Chinatown, Little Italy you, alas, is not revealed. On the one hand, this area is almost Americanized, on the other - it actively comes Chinatown.

"Italian Americans - citizens or permanent residents of the United States who were born in Italy, is an ethnic Italians or have full or partial Italian descent.
After a large German and Irish Italian immigration wave becomes predominant in the years 1880-1950. In spite of the gradual loss of native language, Italian immigrants were quite numerous to greatly affect the formation of some aspects of modern life and the US in particular food, art and other. However, unlike the German and Irish culture, organically fit into the main culture of the USA, the Italians have experienced much greater difficulties in adapting and integration in the United States. Over time, the Americans of Italian descent have made ​​one of the largest groups of the US population. According to demographers and national census data about 15-20 million Americans (6.8% of their total number) have full or partial Italian origin (for comparison the number of Italians in Italy - about 55 million people). The main areas of concentration - Mid-Atlantic (especially New York), New England, Florida, California.
Historically the area was limited to the streets of Little Italy Bayard (in the south), Bleeker (in the north), Lafayette (in the west) and Bauer (east) but now actually consists of a piece Mulberry Street between Canal Street (south) and Broome Street (north). On this site there are several Italian restaurants and shops. "

To give the Italian flavor in the windows of shops and restaurants put old family photos and stories of famous Hollywood movies and TV series - "The Godfather" and "The Sopranos."

Sat on the porch important dong him all politely bowed and stopped to chat.

In the evening the street is buzzing with a crowded restaurant. We also went once for dinner, but were not impressed even once - a real Italian food this has almost nothing to do. And most of the waiters did not speak Italian.

By the Brighton Beach area, I have an interest, since theme of Jewish emigration was closely linked to my childhood, which was held in a small Ukrainian town of Mogilev-Podolsky. In 70-80 years, the main population of Mogilev-Podolsky (and most of the intelligentsia - teachers, doctors, engineers and so on.) Were Jews. In many families, members of the older generation did not even speak in Russian. We have in the yard could often hear: "Dimlyyyk, go eat your grandmother zagezala herring." Or here's an offer from a neighbor: "You do not want to do hopen svizhe povitrya?" (This is a symbiotic relationship with the Ukrainian language). The question "How is your granddaughter?" Jews invariably answered "Taki nivroku, Schaub me she was healthy."
They were very different Jews than in the famous joke, at least, in our city there was no Abraham or Sarah , but the English teacher Esther Fraimovna pretty broke the languages ​​of many of the pupils.
There were originally Jewish profession, for example, sausage makers, butchers, shoe repairers, acceptors of glass. Get into these areas of business of the Ukrainian-Russian part of the population was virtually impossible.
Pay tribute, the Jews were the best in their profession - the best teachers and the best doctors, that's for sure. Another small detail - the Jews could not deceive the child. Mom often used this and sent me to the butcher for meat uncle Alik, punishing, I must make an order - "please give 1 kg of the best cuts," and Uncle Alec chose for me the best piece. I know that the first wave of emigration from our the city was in the 70s, but it was short and small. Remaining relatives drove away often received parcels with unprecedented at the time deficits: sweets, chewing gum, jeans and so on. The next massive outflow occurred in the late '80s - early' 90s, the direction of departure was three - Israel, Germany, USA. The easiest way to go to Israel, but to get into the United States was required to wait a few years and go to various tricks. For example, the family of my mother's colleagues taught a small child to tell the American Embassy, ​​as his harassed in Ukraine - "I was in the garden and beat called" Zid ". In fact, that you still know the history of emigration goes far back in the 18th century." mass Jewish exodus to the United States began in 1882 - after a series of bloody pogroms in Russia. For 42 years (1882-1924) for permanent residence in the United States came about two million Jews from the Russian Empire (including Poland), Austria-Hungary and Romania, Total emigrated about a quarter of the Jewish population of the countries listed above. After the First World War, the United States became the country with the largest Jewish population in the world. In 1924, the White House has passed a law sharply restrict immigration, which resulted in many of the Jews instead of the US were forced to immigrate to Canada, Latin America and Palestine. In just four decades (1970-2009 years) the territory of the former Soviet Union left more than 1.9 million. Jews with their non-Jewish relatives. "According to the stories of the remaining relatives and friends who receive letters from emigrants, who found little work in the profession, most usually lived on benefits. Very few doctors can afford to buy or to arrange a medical clinic although by the standards of Mogilev they were very prosperous. If you are going to leave, Jews began mass sale of assets, exposing every crumb - a shopping street Fish sold and worn clothes, and lounging stools. Immediately after the move, they wrote enthusiastic letters about how well they live there, sent photos in bursting with gourmet tables (but create a sense that the table was all suspiciously the same), the main achievement was - "I spent all day lying on the beach and eat oranges." I came across a description of the emigrant life from the lips of an emigrant: "We no longer have a" Soviet people ", but not yet the Americans. We are not "Russian" in terms of ethnic Russian, but also non-Jews from the standpoint of orthodox Jews. We "Russian Jews" with his very special mentality, culture prevailing character, social and political background, social orientation, and other features, regardless of whether any of the republics of the USSR have emigrated. We in America more than 1 million., Only in New York - 500 thousand. "To be honest impression of Brighton remains deeply depressing. It's just that it is impossible to erase from the" Soviet "people, and the still suffering inhabitants of the" new "Russia - the inability to organize comfort around and start to see a little further your apartment or house. This was the only area of New Nyurka where we have not seen any flower bed. "Initially, Brighton Beach was designed in 1868, the year as a resort architect William Engemanom. In 1878 Henry Murphy, along with a group of businessmen staged a competition for the name of this place, and won Suggest a title for Brighton Beach. This resort place is named after the eponymous resort in the UK. By the end of the XIX century the area became a fashionable resort for the rest of the rich Europeans. During the Great Depression of the Brighton Beach area was settled by the poor of New York. The Second World War put an end to the arrival of European holidaymakers. The area is exceptionally resort infrastructure was among the poorest. But then due to an increase in fertility gradually began to recover. It also greatly contributed to the influx of immigrants from the Soviet Union. Many Soviet immigrants were unable to bring any money or valuables and settled in Brighton Beach, attracted by cheap area, which is really conveniently situated on the beach, with excellent transport links that connect to all parts of New York - Metro connects with all New NY. "At Brighton, we also came to the subway. In New York, it is absolutely not pretentious, but very comfortable.

The first landscape at the entrance to Brighton.

The central street runs just under the railway.

About signs in Russian heard everything.

From grazing in Brighton "stars" surprised Lagutenko.

What immediately draws attention - a large number of fortune tellers, offering their services at every step.

Such truselya Soviet style. Immediately reminded of an anecdote about a contest "whose wives have the biggest ass" when, after the Frenchman and an Englishman, carefully rastopyrivat hand, to show the biggest size, Jew suddenly said, "and my wife's blue eyes." The question "what have eyes" he replied, "because everyone else's ass."

But who better than anyone live in Brighton, so it advocates, lawyers and interpreters. Local residents have only two concerns - divorce and translations.

And that's what otmateril Stas Mikhailov, and remains a mystery to me.

"From the Atlantic region is separated by several meters of sandy beach, dangerous depths of the ocean begins at 4-6 meters from the beach, which makes it very convenient for children and non-swimmers bathers."

And the last column "Did you know that ...": "The population of the district of Brighton Beach, according to data for the year 2010 - 30,895 people. Many people do not sign the lease and do not participate in the census, so that in reality the number of living in Brighton Beach a lot more. According to various estimates from 70 to 80 thousand. The population density, even official, 5 times higher than the average density in Brooklyn. In 2006, the area was elected the first Russian deputy of the legislative Assembly of the State of New York - Alec Brook-Krasny. "