The Krasnoyarsk Territory is the second largest constituent entity of Russia, second only to Yakutia. Almost a third of this region is occupied by the mysterious Evenkia, on the territory of which the geographical center of Russia, the Putorana plateau, is located, as well as the place where the Tunguska meteorite fell. The all-season connection of Evenkia with the mainland is accessible only by air. During the navigation season, you can also get to Evenk villages by water, but such a trip can take up to 10 days.
The capital of Evenkia, the village of Tura with a slightly more than 5 thousand population, has two airports from which cargo, passenger and sanitary flights are made to remote villages of the region, as well as to Krasnoyarsk. The main carrier on these routes is the regional airline KrasAvia.
one.The vast territory of the Krasnoyarsk Territory, comparable to the area of four France or ten Great Britain, is almost completely covered by cargo and passenger flights of the KrasAvia airline. The air carrier's fleet consists of 26 Mi-8 helicopters of various modifications, as well as passenger and military transport aircraft, including Yak-42, An-24, L-410, etc.
2. KrasAvia flights from Krasnoyarsk to the capital of Evenkia are operated from the Cheremshanka airport. The terminal was badly damaged after a fire in 2011. Now passengers are accepted by the newly rebuilt airport terminal.
3. Turboprop aircraft AN-26B-100
4. From the Cheremshanka airport the airline operates regular flights both within the Krasnoyarsk Territory and beyond.
5. In addition to flights to Evenkia, the airport's schedule includes flights to Abakan, Barnaul, Kodinsk, Noyabrsk, Svetlogorsk and other settlements of Russia.
6. The flight from Krasnoyarsk to Tura on the An-26 KrasAvia takes three hours. Below is an impenetrable taiga.
7. Landing at the Gorny airport, located 10 km from Tura.
8. The airport serves only one regular route: Tura - Krasnoyarsk. The air distance between the capital of Evenkia and Krasnoyarsk is 1200 km.
9. Tura is located on the 100th meridian, at the confluence of the Kochechum and Lower Tunguska rivers. The name of the village comes from the Evenk word “tur”, meaning the word “stop”.
10. The population of the village is about 5.5 thousand people. Every fourth inhabitant of Tura is a representative of the small people of the North.
11. Aviation is the only year-round way to get to Tura from Krasnoyarsk. In summer, there is a message on the rivers (the trip takes 10 days), from December to March - by car along the winter road.
12. Winter fishing at the mouth of the Kochechum. Almost 25 species of fish live in Evenk reservoirs, the most valuable of which are Siberian sturgeon, char, grayling, taimen, lenok, sterlet, whitefish.
13. Tura is located in an area with a continental subarctic climate, winter temperatures can drop to -60 ° C. Summers are short, but summer temperatures can exceed + 35 ° C.
14. Ten helicopters of the Mi-8 family belonging to KrasAvia are based in Tour: five serviceable and five in storage.
15. Helicopter landing at the airport Tour MVL (local airlines).
The schedule of helicopter flights to the villages is formed with the direct participation of the administration of the Evenk Municipal District, which subsidizes these flights and regulates tariffs so that flights are available to the population. The schedule is planned a year in advance, but can be adjusted later if there is an increased demand (usually before the New Year and during the holidays). In the absence of passenger traffic, flights are canceled or postponed to a more active period of flights.
16. Preparing the helicopter - warming up the cabin and components.
17. According to the regulations, the inspection and heating of the helicopter begins two hours before departure. In fact, this time may vary depending on weather conditions - wind strength, air temperature, etc.
19. Terminal building.
20. Helicopter Mi-8T. Cruising speed with normal takeoff weight is 180 km / h. Practical flight range - 500 km. Commercial load up to 22 people.
21. Loading luggage and cargo. Helicopters do not fly in the dark, since the landing sites are not illuminated in all villages. If an urgent flight is required, connected, for example, with the arrival of a team of doctors for emergency medical care, in those villages where there is no lighting, the landing site is illuminated with the headlights of local residents' Buranovs.
22. Helicopters can fly into the air at temperatures below -45 ° C. In addition to frost, the flight may be delayed due to strong winds, limited visibility or icing due to sleet. In summer, thunderstorm fronts and smoke from forest fires can become an obstacle to flying. The weather is analyzed every morning, taking into account forecasts of forecasters and actual observations.
23. Return flights from the villages to Tura are usually planned no later than 9 pm, because weather forecast at night is usually worse than day.
24. Thousands of mountain, taiga, tundra rivers, clean and mineralized, flow through the territory of Evenkia.
25. Evenkia belongs to the Far North of Russia. The region is dominated by a sharply continental climate. The average temperature in January (the coldest month) fluctuates between -35 ° C with extreme drops to -55 ° C. Frosts last up to 275 days a year.
26. From north to south Evenkia stretches for 1500 km, and from west to east - for 850 km. The area of the region is comparable to that of Turkey.
27. The village of Ekonda. Located 200 km from Tura on the banks of the Vilyui River.
28. Ekonda is predominantly inhabited by Evenks. As of 2020, 288 people live in the village. The population has been growing over the past four years.
29. Landing at Ekonda.
30. Local residents travel by snowmobiles. As a rule, these are the legendary "Burany".
31. A ticket from Ekonda to Tours costs about 5000 rubles, the flight takes 1:40 minutes.
32. To book air tickets in remote villages, where there is no Internet or telephone connection, passengers just need to contact the dispatcher of the landing site, informing the departure date, full name, date of birth and passport number. You can pay for the flight after the fact - upon arrival in Tura.
34. River Vilyui.
35. Evenkia is famous for the fall of the Tunguska meteorite in 1908 in the Podkamennaya Tunguska area. The flight of a celestial body ended in a powerful explosion at an altitude of 7-10 km, as a result of which trees were knocked down and windows in houses were knocked down hundreds of kilometers from the epicenter, and in the sky from the Atlantic to Siberia, for several days after this event, a strong glow of the sky, solar halo, noctilucent clouds and bright twilight.
36. Lights of Tours.
37. In addition to passenger transportation, KrasAvia helicopters also perform sanitary assignments. The time limit is 1.5 hours from the moment the doctor is called. These are usually round-trip flights. But, if urgent help is required, sometimes doctors are forced to operate right in the village. There was a case when the operation was delayed, and the helicopter stayed overnight, the crew had to spend the night in the gym, because there are no hotels in the villages.
In addition, during the pandemic, KrasAvia helicopters also transport patients with coronavirus. During such flights, the crew puts on PPE, and after each such flight, the helicopter is disinfected. For active transportation of such patients in the first wave of the pandemic, the crew of the KrasAvia helicopter even received an award from the Federal Air Transport Agency.
38. During the flight to the village of Uchami.
39. Vivinsky ridge.
40. Not far from Tura, the landing site of the Vostok descent vehicle with the dogs Zhulka and Alfa in December 1960 is located.
41. Lower Tunguska is a right tributary of the Yenisei. The length of the river is nearly 3 thousand kilometers. There is a project to build a hydroelectric power station on Nizhnyaya Tunguska, which may become the largest in Russia.
42. In Soviet times, peaceful nuclear underground explosions were carried out in Evenkia for the purpose of deep seismic sounding of the Earth. There is a version that the formed underground cavities in the salt layers are filled with radioactive brine, which can be opened during the construction of the Evenk hydroelectric power station on Nizhnyaya Tunguska.
43. Blister of a helicopter.
44. Taiga occupies almost 80% of the territory of Evenkia.
45. The village of Uchami. Only 104 people live here, but KrasAvia helicopter flights from Tura also operate here.
46. The overwhelming majority of Uchami residents are Evenks. There is a school and a kindergarten in the village.
48. Tura is under the threat of flooding due to the planned construction of the Evenk hydroelectric power station. According to expert estimates, construction may take at least 18 years, and the generated electricity will be able to cover the deficit of the energy system in the European part of Russia. According to the project, the height of the dam can be up to 200 meters.
49. The coldest air temperature in Evenkia was recorded in the middle of the last century. Then -67 ° C was recorded.
50. Dogs in the north: transport, hunter and friend.
51. Despite the harsh climatic conditions, the large-scale development of Evenkia is a matter of time, since colossal reserves of oil and gas are hidden in its depths.
52. The population density in Evenkia is one of the lowest in Russia: less than 0.03 people / sq. km.
53. Tutonchany is another small Evenk village where KrasAvia flies. The population is just over 200 people.
54. Tutonchany is the closest settlement to the geographical center of Russia, which is located on Lake Vivi, 250 km from the village.
55. Residents of Tutonchany are engaged in hunting, fishing and meat harvesting.
57. The maximum commercial load of the helicopter in such settlements as Uchami, Tutonchany and Ekonda has been reduced, since you also need to bring fuel with you from Tura. There is no gas station in these places.
58. When loading a flight, the crews of "KrasAvia" try to use the carrying capacity to the maximum, because in addition to people, food, medicine and everything that is necessary for life support flies to the villages.
If it is necessary to take more fuel, then an additional tank can be installed on the helicopter. This allows you to increase the maximum commercial load (on the way back from the village) or flight range. But at the same time, this reduces the number of passenger seats, because usually the tank is installed inside.
60. Inhabitants of Evenkia are engaged in hunting, reindeer breeding, fishing, and fur trade.
61.25 % of the population of Evenkia are Evenks. Besides them Yakuts, Keto, Nenets, Dolgans, Evens, Nganasans live here.
62. Loading in Tours.
63. Iritka River.
64. Typical texture of Siberia.
65. Kislokan is a small Evenk settlement on the banks of the Lower Tunguska. The inhabitants of Kislokan, as well as in other settlements, live by hunting and fishing. Despite the small population (only about 100 people), the village has a school, a house of culture, a library, a weather station, and an obstetric center.
66. The dog at the helicopter.
67. The Lower Tunguska, on the coast of which Kislokan is located, is navigable only 2-3 weeks a year. During navigation, residents stock up on everything they need for the year ahead. Everything that did not have time to be delivered in the spring can be delivered at any time of the year by air from Tura.
68. Snowmobile "Buran".
69. Part of the winter roads in Evenkia runs along the bed of rivers covered with ice. The speed of movement of cars on such roads is about 40 km / h, and only off-road vehicles are suitable for passage.
70. According to Evenk legends, the loon created the earth. It was she who dived to the bottom, when there was only one ocean around, and brought the first lump of soil in its beak to the good spirit of the Evenks, Heveki, from which it created the Evenk land.
71. The village of Yukta is located on the banks of the Lower Tunguska. As in other villages in these parts, the majority of the inhabitants are Evenks.
72. Only about 100 people live in Yukta, who are connected to the mainland by the helicopter flight "KrasAvia".
73. The commander of the aircraft.
75. Mouth of the Iritka River.
76. Repair and maintenance work in the hangar on the territory of the airport Tours MVL.
77. Removing the blades.
79. Airport "Gorny" in Tura is equipped with one runway with a length of 1410 meters covered with airfield slabs.
80. The two-story building houses all airport services, as well as a terminal for passengers. In the summer of 2020, a major overhaul was carried out at the airport terminal. For the period of renovation, the main airport of Tours was Tura MVL (local airlines).
82. Cheremshanka. Return from a trip to Evenkia to the "mainland".